THE CULVER BRANCH


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The Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad was built by Andrew Culver as a steam railroad in 6/19/1875. It was a consolidation of a former horse car line, the Park Ave Railroad and another company he formed in 1872 called the New York, Greenwood, and Coney Island Railroad. His railroad went from Greenwood Depot (9th Ave Prospect Park West and 20th) to Culver Depot on W 5 ST and Surf Ave in Coney Island. In 1885, the LIRR made an agreement with the Culver line to operate trains jointly on each other's tracks. In 1892, the LIRR purchased the line from Andrew Culver when he was becoming ill. Between 1893 - 1899, the LIRR ran the Culver line as part of the NY and Manhattan Beach Division. (Below you'll see a map of the Culver - Manhattan Beach branch highlighted in orange.)

Culver - Manhattan Beach branch, Brooklyn 1885



On 4/1/1899, the Culver line was leased by the Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT), later to become the Brooklyn Manhattan Transit (BMT). It was electrified using trolly wire that same year and elevated on the current el in 1919 to Stillwell Ave. The LIRR continued using the original tracks until 1905 to serve the Jockey Club Race Course and terminating at Culver Depot. From 1916 - 1956, the original tracks were used as a trolly and a freight service from 1912 well into the 1980s. When the trollies ceased to exist on 10/31/1956, it was the last running trolly in the entire city. Shortly after, Culver Depot became a roller skating rink until Fred Trump bought the land, demolished the terminal and most of the neighborhood to build his Trump Village housing development in the 1960s.


The Culver - Manhattan Beach Branch before 1916, Brooklyn


The Culver Branch

GREENWOOD 9th Ave between 19th and 20th Ave Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) station rebuilt in 1913, lower level abandoned 5/11/1975, upper level serves current 9th Ave station on the train's West End line
TURNER'S STATION near Ft Hamilton Parkway Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 1875 and 1876 only steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Ft Hamilton station opened as an el 11/11/1919, closed 5/11/1975
KENSINGTON Ave C and McDonald Ave Culver branch (Brooklyn) station opened 1890 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 1890 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1890 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Ditmas Ave station opened as the Culver el 3/16/1919 - present
PARKVILLE at Bay Ridge line crossing Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Ave I station opened as the Culver el 3/16/1919 - present
WASHINGTON STATION Ave K & cemetary Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Bay Parkway station opened as the Culver el 3/16/1919 - present
AVE N, Harris station Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875, renamed Woodlawn 1878 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Ave N station opened as the Culver el 3/16/1919 - present
KINGS HIGHWAY Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Kings Highway station opened as the Culver el 3/16/1919 - present
JOCKEY CLUB RACE COURSE - Gravesend Race track Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 8/26/1886 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 1886 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899, till 1905 to the racetrack, Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 racetrack was between Kings Hwy and Ave U, and between McDonald Ave and Ocean Parkway, closed 1913 land sold in 1920 to real estate developers
GRAVESEND Neck Road and McDonald Ave Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Ave U station opened as the Culver el 5/10/1919 - present
VAN SICKLENS north of Neptune Ave Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899 Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) Van Sicklen station opened as the Culver el 5/1/1920 - present
CULVER DEPOT (W5st and Surf Ave) Culver branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 6/19/1875 at beach, cutback to Surf Ave 1883 steam locomotives served the Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad 6/19/1875 LIRR used the route as it's Manhattan Beach Division 1885 - 1899, till 1905 to Culver Terminal Brooklyn Rapid Transit (BRT) took over surface route 4/1/1899 and electrified with trolly wire 7/3/1899 and became a trolly 1916 - 1956, (paved over with asphalt today) W 8 st , and Stillwell Ave stations , , , opened 6/13/1919 - present


Culver Depot - Surf Ave and West 5th street, Coney Island - Brooklyn, 1875

OTHER BRANCHES OF THE MANHATTAN BEACH DIVISION

BAYRIDGE BRANCH:
GREENPOINT (Evergreen) BRANCH:
KINGS COUNTY CENTRAL:
MARINE RAILWAY:
CULVER BRANCH:
MANHATTAN BEACH BRANCH:

TRANSFER HERE TO LEARN ABOUT THESE BMT LINES

THE SEA BEACH LINE (BMT #4)
CULVER - FIFTH AVE EL (BMT #5b)
THE BRIGHTON - SECOND AVE SUBWAY
THE WEST END - FIFTH AVE EL
FOURTH AVE SUBWAY ASTORIA (BMT #2)
FRANKLYN SHUTTLE (BMT #7)
THE JAMAICA EL - (BMT #15)
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS - WEST END (BMT #10)
JAMAICA EL SKIP STOP SERVICE
THE CANARSIE LINE (BMT #16)
THE FULTON ST EL - (BMT #13)
ASTORIA EL - BROADWAY SUBWAY
THE CONEY ISLAND ELEVATED
ASTORIA EL SHUTTLE (BMT #8)
FLUSHING EL SHUTTLE (BMT #9)
14TH - FULTON ST EL (BMT #17)
THE M BANKERS SPECIAL (brighton)
BROOKLYN SHORTLINE (BMT #14)
THE M BANKERS SPECIAL (fourth ave)
LEXINGTON AVE EL (BMT #12)
FIFTH AVENUE EL - (BMT #6)
BROADWAY - WEST END LINE (BMT #3a)
CULVER - NASSAU EXPRESS - (BMT #5a)
WEST END-NASSAU EXPRESS (BMT #3b)
SUNNY SUMMER SUNDAY SPECIAL
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS / BRIGHTON BEACH
BRIGHTON LINE VIA TUNNEL (BMT #1a)
THE MYRTLE AVE EL - (BMT #11)
SEA BEACH - BRIGHTON EXPRESS
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS / FOURTH AVE

BOYNTON BICYCLE RAILROAD
THE BAY RIDGE BRANCH (X train)
BEACH PNEUMATIC TRANSIT