THE GREENPOINT (Evergreen) BRANCH


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The Greenpoint (Evergreen branch) was built by the Glendale and East River Railroad in 1876. It became known as the Greenpoint Division of the main New York and Manhattan Beach Railway. It consisted of two leased portions: Greenpoint to Flushing Ave - leased from the Glendale and East River Railroad, as well as the Flushing Ave to Cooper Ave junction which was leased from the Brooklyn and Rockaway Beach Railway. It also included the Bay Ridge and Kings County Central branches.


The line began at East River in Greenpoint with a depot at Oak and West streets. From there it ran southeast along N 15 st to Richardson street, then turned wast along Richardson to Vandervout Ave where it turned southeast, crossed Metropolitan Ave, Grand street, a portion of Newton Creek and the south railroad's Bushwick branch, then proceeded east between Wyckoff and Irving avenues and connected with the Bay Ridge branch of the cemetary of the Evergreens.


In 1883, the connection from Cooper Ave junction to the Montauk Division at Fresh Pond was built and the lines to Manhattan Beach from Cooper Ave junction and Bay Ridge were made standard gauge. The Evergreen Branch remained narrow gauge till 1884. This branch provided passenger service from northern Brooklyn to Manhattan Beach until 9/28/1885. During that time, the Bay Ridge branch was connected to the LIRR Long Island City branch and passenger service switched to Long Island City instead. Passenger service also ran on a portion east of the Bushwick branch from Bushwick terminal until 1894. Bushwick Terminal was still used for passenger service until May 1924 through Fresh Pond. (Below you'll see a map of the Greenpoint Branch highlighted in green.)

The Greenpoint (Evergreen) branch, Brooklyn 1876




In late 1885, Greenpoint service was abandoned and a Bushwick shuttle was instituted which ran till 1894. In 1896 - 1897, the right of way between Greenpoint and southside crossing (Bushwick Branch crossing was abandoned. February 9th, 1939 - eight blocks of the branch was removed from service. These crossings were closed - Himrod street, Stanhope street, Stockholm street, Dekalb Ave, Hart street, Suydam street, Willoughby Ave and Starr street. In 1965 when the New York state purchased the LIRR Bay Ridge Division and Evergreen branches remained as part of the Pennsylvania Railroad. They became part of the Penn Central, then Conrail. In 1984, the LIRR took over the Bay Ridge Branch but decided to abandon the Evergreen Branch.


The Greenpoint Branch, Brooklyn 1956


The Greenpoint Branch

GREENPOINT (Oak and West streets) Greenpoint branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 - - closed 9/28/1885 when Greenpoint terminal closed, trains went to Bushwick Depot 1885 - 1894
FIFTH STREET (Driggs Ave) Greenpoint branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 - - closed 1879 -
HUMBOLDT STREET (Humbuldt and Graham) Greenpoint branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 - LIRR took over route 8/27/1885 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division closed 9/28/1885 -
GRAND STREET (Metropolitan and Grand) Greenpoint branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 - LIRR took over route 8/27/1885 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division closed 9/28/1885 -
SOUTHSIDE RR CROSSING Greenpoint branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876, closed 5/25/1881 - LIRR took over route 8/27/1885 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division reopened June 1886 when service started for Bushwick terminal replacing Greenpoint, closed 1890 -
DEKALB AVE (Ridgewood) Greenpoint branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876, renamed Ridgewood 1882 - LIRR took over route 8/27/1885 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division Dekalb Ave station lasted until Bushwick service closed 1894 -
MYRTLE AVE Greenpoint branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876, Bay Ridge branch opened 5/16/1878 steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906 LIRR took over route 8/27/1885 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
COOPER AVE JUNCTION Bay Ridge branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 also Bay Ridge branch to Long Island City opened 5/16/1878 LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division this was a transfer point for these divisions closed 1894
BUSHWICK AVE (Central Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 steam locomotives served this railroad LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division closed 1897 -
FULTON STREET Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 1914 steam locomotives served this railroad this station was added in 1914 closed 5/14/1924 future (X)
EAST NEW YORK (southwest corner of Van Sinderen Ave and Fulton st) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, surface route dismantled to make way for current open cut similar to Sea Beach N and Brighton Q lines in 1914, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
NEW LOTS ROAD Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad closed 1897 -
FORD'S CORNERS (Rugby - between E 92 st and Remsen Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 1888 LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
KOUWENHOVEN - (E53st between Forster & Farragut Roads) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
FLATLANDS - VANDERVEER PARK (east of Nostrand Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 1878, renamed Vanderveer Park 1899 LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
KINGS COUNTY CENTRAL JUNCTION (New York Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 surface route for Bay Ridge and Kings County Central branches also opened 6/29/1878 as steam railroads this was a transfer point for these divisions - station closed 1/1879
MANHATTAN BEACH JUNCTION (west side of Ocean Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened with steam locomotives 7/1877 LIRR took over Bay Ridge route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division surface route dismantled to make way for current open cut similar to Sea Beach N and Brighton lines Q in 1914, closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
SOUTH GREENFIELD (Ave M and Chestnut Ave) Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch and New York and Manhattan Beach Railway opened July 1877, Kings County Central ran here 1878 surface steam locomotives served this railroad July 1877 - 1879, reopened 1889 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division adjacent to today's East 18th street Kings County branch stopped coming here 1879 Greenpoint branch closed 9/28/1885
KINGS HWAY Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch and Manhattan Beach Railway opened 1883 surface steam locomotives served this railroad 1883 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division adjacent to today's East 18th street - Greenpoint branch closed 9/28/1885
SHEEPSHEAD BAY (Brighton Beach Race Course) Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch and New York and Manhattan Beach Railway opened July 1877 as surface steam railroads, Kings County Central ran here 1878 until 1/1879 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, Sheepshead Bay also served as the terminal for the Marine Railway 1913 - 1921 also served Brighton Beach race course at Brighton 10th street, Ocean Parkway, Coney Island Ave and Brighton Beach Blvd 6/28/1879 - 1908, became a race car course 1908 - 1920s Kings County branch stopped coming here 1879 Greenpoint branch closed 9/28/1885
MANHATTAN BEACH HOTEL Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch and New York and Manhattan Beach Railway opened 7/1877, Kings County Central ran here 1878 until 1/1879 surface steam locomotives served this railroad 7/1877 behind Manhattan Beach Hotel LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division new station built 1909 at West End Ave and Oriental Blvd till 5/14/1924 hotel closed 1907, train station served as a gas station until 1938
ORIENTAL HOTEL Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) opened 1878 as a surface route steam railroad LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, it opened several blocks east of Manhattan Beach station storm destroyed eastern part of line near Oriental Hotel 2/16/1885 this part of the line was never rebuilt again hotel closed 1916


Manhattan Beach hotel, Coney Island - Brooklyn


OTHER BRANCHES OF THE MANHATTAN BEACH DIVISION

BAYRIDGE BRANCH:
GREENPOINT (Evergreen) BRANCH:
KINGS COUNTY CENTRAL:
MARINE RAILWAY:
CULVER BRANCH:
MANHATTAN BEACH BRANCH:

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THE SEA BEACH LINE (BMT #4)
CULVER - FIFTH AVE EL (BMT #5b)
THE BRIGHTON - SECOND AVE SUBWAY
THE WEST END - FIFTH AVE EL
FOURTH AVE SUBWAY ASTORIA (BMT #2)
FRANKLYN SHUTTLE (BMT #7)
THE JAMAICA EL - (BMT #15)
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS - WEST END (BMT #10)
JAMAICA EL SKIP STOP SERVICE
THE CANARSIE LINE (BMT #16)
THE FULTON ST EL - (BMT #13)
ASTORIA EL - BROADWAY SUBWAY
THE CONEY ISLAND ELEVATED
ASTORIA EL SHUTTLE (BMT #8)
FLUSHING EL SHUTTLE (BMT #9)
14TH - FULTON ST EL (BMT #17)
THE M BANKERS SPECIAL (brighton)
BROOKLYN SHORTLINE (BMT #14)
THE M BANKERS SPECIAL (fourth ave)
LEXINGTON AVE EL (BMT #12)
FIFTH AVENUE EL - (BMT #6)
BROADWAY - WEST END LINE (BMT #3a)
CULVER - NASSAU EXPRESS - (BMT #5a)
WEST END-NASSAU EXPRESS (BMT #3b)
SUNNY SUMMER SUNDAY SPECIAL
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS / BRIGHTON BEACH
BRIGHTON LINE VIA TUNNEL (BMT #1a)
THE MYRTLE AVE EL - (BMT #11)
SEA BEACH - BRIGHTON EXPRESS
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS / FOURTH AVE

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