MANHATTAN BEACH RAILWAY


IRT: BMT: IND:
SUBWAY TRIVIA: THE LIRR IN RELATION TO BROOKLYN ELS:
SUBWAY LINES: HOME PAGE:



The Manhattan Beach branch was a line of the Long Island Railroad running from Fresh Pond Queens to Manhattan Beach. It opened 1877 as the main line of the New York and Manhattan Beach Railway. At Manhattan Beach, the line extended to Oriental Beach in 1878 and a branch to the Sheepshead Bay Racetrack in 1880 north of Sheepshead Bay. Other lines of the Manhattan Beach Division included the Bay Ridge branch, West Brighton (Culver line), Greenpoint (Evergreen branch), the Marine Railway, and the very short lived Kings County Central.


Austin Corbin acquired a controlling interest in the Long Island Railroad 11/29/1880 and became president 1/1/1881. In December 1881, the LIRR leased the New York & Manhattan Beach Railroad and the New York, Bay Ridge, & Jamaica Railroad as part of the Manhattan Beach division. His plans were to change the tracks to standard gauge and build connections to the Atlantic Ave division and Montauk division. The lines from East New York to Manhattan Beach were converted after the 1882 season. The Long Island City and Manhattan Beach Railroad incorporated on 2/24/1883 and built a connection from the new Cooper Ave junction north to another junction called Fresh Pond on the Montauk branch. Trains began running from Flatbush Ave to Manhattan Beach via the Atlantic Ave division on 5/30/1883 and from Long Island City via Montauk division to Manhattan Beach on 6/2/1883. (Below you'll see a map of the Manhattan Beach branch highlighted in orange.)

The Manhattan Beach branch, Brooklyn 1877



Between 1907 - 1909, the line south of Manhattan Beach junction, (south of Ocean Ave) was upgraded to a grade separated embankment shared with the Brighton Beach line. Railroad crossings were being eliminated throughout Brooklyn and Queens because of the growing population. In addition, a New York state prohibition on racetrack wagering, plus the decline of the more upscale resorts in Coney Island led to the decrease in the Manhattan Beach's economic viability. The more direct and lower priced competition from nearby rapid transit lines and street cars didn't help the Manhattan Beach Division either.


If the Manhattan Beach lines merged with the subway system, it would have been great, but it unfortunately didn't happen that way and passenger service ended in 1924. Freight services continued until 1938 in the East 18th street vicinity, but the tracks were removed between 1938 to 1941 south to Manhattan Beach. However the Bay Ridge branch continues as a freight only line to this day. There have been talks of converting the Bay Ridge branch into another subway line called the X train in years to come, while retaining their freight services. In 2011, the long abandoned right of way of the Manhattan Railway was subject to legal action by some home owners living on East 18th street, adjacent to the former route. They would like to acquire undisputed title to the land and expand their backyards!


The Manhattan Beach Railway - Avenue U between East 17th and East 18th streets, 1908



Manhattan Beach Railway

LONG ISLAND CITY Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 6/2/1883 steam locomotives served this railroad LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division Long Island City replaced Greenpoint service 1885 - 1924 LIC still connected with LIRR today
PENNY BRIDGE Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 1883 steam locomotives served this railroad LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division elevated tracks in 1906 closed 1924
LAUREL HILL Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 1890 steam locomotives served this railroad this station was added in 1890 closed 8/29/1905 -
HABERMAN Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 1906 steam locomotives served this railroad this station was added in 1906 elevated tracks in 1906 closed 1924
MASPETH (58th Ave and Creek Drive) Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 2/1895 steam locomotives served this railroad this station was added in 1895 elevated tracks in 1906 closed 1925
FRESH POND YARDS (Bushwick Junction) Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 6/1869 steam locomotives served this railroad LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, closed 1894 serves as Fresh Pond Yards for today's freight services an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train, after this junction it continues along the connecting railroad linking the New Haven Railroad over the Hell Gate bridge since 4/1/1917
MYRTLE AVE Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 5/16/1878 steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
RIDGEWOOD (Cypress Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Queens) surface route opened 6/2/1883, renamed Ridgewood 1884 steam locomotives served this railroad LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, line elevated in 1914, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
COOPER AVE JUNCTION Bay Ridge branch (Queens) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 also Bay Ridge branch to Long Island City opened 5/16/1878 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division this was a transfer point for these divisions closed 1894
BUSHWICK AVE (Central Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 steam locomotives served this railroad LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division closed 1897 -
FULTON STREET Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 1914 steam locomotives served this railroad this station was added in 1914 closed 5/14/1924 future (X)
EAST NEW YORK (southwest corner of Van Sinderen Ave and Fulton st) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, surface route dismantled to make way for current open cut similar to Sea Beach N and Brighton Q lines in 1914, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
NEW LOTS ROAD Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad closed 1897 -
FORD'S CORNERS (Rugby - between E 92 st and Remsen Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 1888 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
KOUWENHOVEN - (E53st between Forster & Farragut Roads) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 7/18/1877 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
FLATLANDS - VANDERVEER PARK (east of Nostrand Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened 1878, renamed Vanderveer Park 1899 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division steam locomotives served this railroad, elevated tracks in 1906, station closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
KINGS COUNTY CENTRAL JUNCTION (New York Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch opened as surface steam railroad 1876 surface route for Bay Ridge and Kings County Central branches also opened 6/29/1878 as steam railroads this was a transfer point for these divisions - station closed 1/1879
MANHATTAN BEACH JUNCTION (west side of Ocean Ave) Bay Ridge branch (Brooklyn) surface route opened with steam locomotives 7/1877 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division surface route dismantled to make way for current open cut similar to Sea Beach N and Brighton lines Q in 1914, closed 5/14/1924 an abandoned LIRR branch considered for becoming a new subway line called the X train future (X)
SOUTH GREENFIELD (Ave M and Chestnut Ave) Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch and New York and Manhattan Beach Railway opened July 1877 - 1885, Kings County Central ran here 1878 until 1/1879 surface steam locomotives served this railroad July 1877 - 1879, reopened 1889 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division adjacent to today's East 18th street surface route dismantled to make way for shared Manhattan Beach and Brighton lines on same embankment in 1907, Manhattan Beach tracks lasted till 5/14/1924 Ave M station on Brighton line in 1918 - present
KINGS HWAY Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch and Manhattan Beach Railway opened 1883 - 1885 surface steam locomotives served this railroad 1883 LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division adjacent to today's East 18th street surface route dismantled to make way for shared Manhattan Beach and Brighton lines on same embankment in 1907, Manhattan Beach tracks lasted till 5/14/1924 Kings Highway station on Brighton line in 1918 - present and
WYCKOFF'S SWITCH Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) original surface route of New York and Manhattan Beach Railway 1887 steam locomotives served this railroad 1887 this station was added in 1887 adjacent to today's East 18th street closed 1887 -
NECK ROAD Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) original surface route of New York and Manhattan Beach Railway 1893 steam locomotives served this railroad 1893 this station was added in 1893 adjacent to today's East 18th street surface route dismantled to make way for shared Manhattan Beach and Brighton lines on same embankment in 1907, Manhattan Beach tracks lasted till 5/14/1924 Neck Road station on Brighton line in 1918 - present
CONEY ISLAND JOCKEY CLUB - Sheepshead Bay Race track Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) original surface route of New York and Manhattan Beach Railway 1880 steam locomotives served this railroad 1880 this station was added in 1880 adjacent to today's East 18th street racetrack was between Ave X and Ave Y, and Ocean Ave, closed 1913, became a race car speedway 1915 - 1919 land sold in 1920 to real estate developers
SHEEPSHEAD BAY (Brighton Beach Race Course) Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch opened 7/1877 - 1885 and New York and Manhattan Beach Railway opened July 1877 - 1909, Kings County Central ran here 1878 until 1/1879 as steam railroads LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, Sheepshead Bay also served as the terminal for the Marine Railway 1913 - 1921 also served Brighton Beach race course at Brighton 10th street, Ocean Parkway, Coney Island Ave and Brighton Beach Blvd 6/28/1879 - 1908, became a race car course 1908 - 1920s surface route dismantled to make way for shared Manhattan Beach and Brighton lines on same embankment in 1907, Manhattan Beach tracks lasted till 5/14/1924 Sheepshead Bay station on Brighton line in 1918 - present and
MANHATTAN BEACH HOTEL Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) Greenpoint branch and New York and Manhattan Beach Railway opened 7/1877, Kings County Central ran here 1878 until 1/1879 surface steam locomotives served this railroad 7/1877 behind Manhattan Beach Hotel LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division new station built 1907 at West End Ave and Oriental Blvd till 5/14/1924 hotel closed 1907, train station served as a gas station until 1938
ORIENTAL HOTEL Manhattan beach branch (Brooklyn) opened 1878 as a surface route steam railroad LIRR took over Manhattan Beach route 6/2/1883 and ran trains as part of the Manhattan Beach Division, it opened several blocks east of Manhattan Beach station storm destroyed eastern part of line near Oriental Hotel 2/16/1885 this part of the line was never rebuilt again hotel closed 1916


OTHER BRANCHES OF THE MANHATTAN BEACH DIVISION

BAYRIDGE BRANCH:
GREENPOINT (Evergreen) BRANCH:
KINGS COUNTY CENTRAL:
MARINE RAILWAY:
CULVER BRANCH:
MANHATTAN BEACH BRANCH:

TRANSFER HERE TO LEARN ABOUT THESE BMT LINES

THE SEA BEACH LINE (BMT #4)
CULVER - FIFTH AVE EL (BMT #5b)
THE BRIGHTON - SECOND AVE SUBWAY
THE WEST END - FIFTH AVE EL
FOURTH AVE SUBWAY ASTORIA (BMT #2)
FRANKLYN SHUTTLE (BMT #7)
THE JAMAICA EL - (BMT #15)
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS - WEST END (BMT #10)
JAMAICA EL SKIP STOP SERVICE
THE CANARSIE LINE (BMT #16)
THE FULTON ST EL - (BMT #13)
ASTORIA EL - BROADWAY SUBWAY
THE CONEY ISLAND ELEVATED
ASTORIA EL SHUTTLE (BMT #8)
FLUSHING EL SHUTTLE (BMT #9)
14TH - FULTON ST EL (BMT #17)
THE M BANKERS SPECIAL (brighton)
BROOKLYN SHORTLINE (BMT #14)
THE M BANKERS SPECIAL (fourth ave)
LEXINGTON AVE EL (BMT #12)
FIFTH AVENUE EL - (BMT #6)
BROADWAY - WEST END LINE (BMT #3a)
CULVER - NASSAU EXPRESS - (BMT #5a)
WEST END-NASSAU EXPRESS (BMT #3b)
SUNNY SUMMER SUNDAY SPECIAL
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS / BRIGHTON BEACH
BRIGHTON LINE VIA TUNNEL (BMT #1a)
THE MYRTLE AVE EL - (BMT #11)
SEA BEACH - BRIGHTON EXPRESS
MYRTLE-CHAMBERS / FOURTH AVE

BOYNTON BICYCLE RAILROAD
THE BAY RIDGE BRANCH (X train)
BEACH PNEUMATIC TRANSIT